Tuesday, December 1, 2020


The Mount Vernon residence the place Robert Espada grew up was supposed to be his inheritance.

The home that Marlon Younger purchased final yr in Mount Vernon was presupposed to be a ticket out of Queens for him, his spouse and their two youngsters.

Solely one in all these tales could have a contented ending. That’s as a result of the deal with in every narrative is 440 Backyard Ave., a modest two-story residence throughout from Memorial Discipline that’s on the heart of a courtroom battle over who actually owns it.

Each side have claims towards the Metropolis of Mount Vernon. Espada and his spouse, Cynthia, allege that the town improperly foreclosed on his late grandmother’s residence in 2012, making subsequent gross sales invalid. The Youngs declare their deed is the one legitimate one and that Comptroller Deborah Reynolds was mistaken final yr to reject it.


“Mount Vernon has disappeared with folks’s inheritance,” Cynthia Espada stated final week.

Espada was there first

Robert was four when he moved into the home, which his grandparents, Nellie and Haldon Espada, had purchased in 1971. Haldon died in 1989 and by 1997, Nellie had paid off the $22,500 mortgage.

Nellie handed away in 2003. At that time, Robert was dwelling there along with his mom, who would die solely 5 months later. Nellie had not left a will and Robert did not go to surrogate courtroom to switch possession.

Robert, who now lives in Georgia, claims he continued paying taxes on the home for a number of years. However he stopped by the late 2000s.  

By the point the town started foreclosures proceedings in 2011, Espada owed almost $14,000. However he now claims he by no means obtained notification that the town was threatening foreclosures. A March 2012 courtroom order cleared the best way for the town to take possession of the home.

The Espadas now declare that the town, as a creditor, couldn’t take the property of a useless particular person with out petitioning Surrogate Courtroom to nominate an administrator to symbolize Nellie Espada’s pursuits. It’s unclear whether or not metropolis officers knew Nellie Espada had died, though the Espadas insist her dying certificates was filed with the town.

The home was included in a 2013 public sale of city-owned properties. Jairo Moreira, a contractor dwelling in Mount Vernon, didn’t bid however advised the finance division he was within the property. 

In March 2016, the town offered the property to Moreira for $51,000, giving him a deed signed by then-Mayor Richard Thomas. Espada claims he did not even know that the town had owned it — discovering out solely when his stuff was eliminated by Moreira whereas he was in Georgia for 3 months that yr.

“I might been in that home my whole life and my grandparents advised me, ‘Once we die, this home will probably be for you,’ ” he stated. “It had sentimental worth, I used to be going to move it on to my daughter after me.”

However in an interview this week, Moreira was adamant that Espada was conscious he was shedding the home, saying he had conversations with him a number of instances earlier than shopping for the property. He stated Espada by no means made any effort to pay the again taxes to recuperate the property from the town, which he may have carried out.

Moreira stated he gave Espada greater than 60 days to vacate the home, which he lastly did, at which level Moreira eliminated no matter belongings Espada left behind. The Espadas declare Moreira was required to hunt courtroom motion to take away him. The truth that he did not, they argue, suggests he was apprehensive the town marshal would have found there was one thing mistaken with the title switch.

The Youngs transfer in

The sale to Moreira got here simply 5 weeks earlier than the town was going to public sale off greater than a dozen foreclosed properties. The record authorized by the Metropolis Council had 440 Backyard Ave. faraway from it as a result of the sale had already occurred.

Gross sales of metropolis property in Mount Vernon require the approval of each the Metropolis Council and the Board of Estimate and Contract. Whereas 440 Backyard Ave. was on the 2013 public sale record, a evaluate of metropolis council agendas from 2013 by 2016 exhibits no report of the council ever approving the sale of the property to the Moreiras.

Espada, who within the early 2000s was an evening distribution supervisor for The Journal Information, was not well-versed in authorized issues. However Cynthia, a Mount Vernon native who he married final yr, took it upon herself to analysis what Mount Vernon had carried out. 

Satisfied that the town couldn’t take the property of a useless lady with no will, they went to Westchester Surrogate Courtroom in Might 2019. Cynthia Espada wrote to Moreira, detailing what she alleged was the town’s fraud and giving him 30 days to vacate the home.

By that point, Moreira stated, he had spent $100,000 to $150,000 to renovate the home in anticipation of promoting it. He stated he was not involved about Espada’s letter and believed the town had gotten the home correctly and so had he.

In October, Moreira offered the home to Younger and his father, Nicholas Younger, for $350,000.

The next month Robert Espada was named the administrator of his grandmother’s property and obtained a deed exhibiting he transferred the property to himself and his spouse.

So far, the Youngs’ deed has not been recorded by Westchester County — however Robert Espada’s deed has. That’s as a result of Reynolds, the town comptroller, wouldn’t log off on the title switch to Younger. She agreed with the Espadas that her predecessor, Maureen Walker, had improperly obtained the property in 2012. 

On the home final week, Marlon Younger stated he was shocked to be taught another person had a declare to the home. “I did all the pieces I used to be presupposed to,” he stated.

Whose deed is legit?

Earlier this yr, the Espadas started eviction proceedings in Mount Vernon Metropolis Courtroom to drive the Youngs out of the home. Additionally they filed a federal lawsuit, although that was rapidly dismissed once they did not pay a $400 submitting charge.

The Youngs then sued the Espadas and Reynolds in state Supreme Courtroom, placing the eviction case on maintain. Among the many courtroom reveals was a letter from the title insurance coverage firm detailing Reynolds’ refusal to approve the Youngs’ deed.

That mirrored a criticism of the comptroller levied this spring by the pinnacle of the New York State Land Title Affiliation, who stated members had been now not offering title insurance coverage in Mount Vernon as a result of Reynolds was taking too lengthy to course of the paperwork. Reynolds responded that paperwork was usually submitted with incomplete or misguided data. And with out citing any particular examples, she stated she was investigating fraud.

Cynthia Espada is aware of all in regards to the assaults on Reynolds since she took workplace in 2018 — together with that she doesn’t pay payments and retains different officers at midnight about metropolis funds. However Espada insists Reynolds is the one official keen to look into what she considers the town’s fraudulent takeover of her husband’s residence.

The Espadas have answered the Youngs’ lawsuit with their very own counterclaims towards the town.

Reynolds, not the town, is called within the Youngs’ lawsuit, however Reynolds has but to file any reply. That prompted the Youngs’ lawyer, Joseph Altman, to hunt a default judgement ordering Reynolds to just accept the Youngs’ deed and blocking any effort to take away the Youngs from the home. 

Altman argued that the Espadas haven’t any authorized declare to the property and that the switch of possession from the town to the Moreiras to the Youngs was legitimate. And even when the town erred in taking possession, he argued, the Espadas allowed an excessive amount of time to move earlier than making any declare.

He stated there was no purpose for the title search firm to transcend the chain of title, because the Espadas argue.

“The documentary proof firmly establishes that the (Youngs) are the correct, and solely, authorized house owners of the property,” Altman wrote.

Whereas the 2 households are in a authorized battle, the Espadas additionally consider the Youngs as victims within the case.

“The Youngs are actually within the unenviable place of shedding an actual property for which they allegedly paid good cash,” the Espadas’ lawyer, Reginald Jacobs, wrote in courtroom papers final month in search of a courtroom judgement validating his shoppers’ declare to the property.

Twitter: @jonbandler

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